The New Jim Crow

"Rather than rely on race, we use our criminal justice system to label people of color “criminals” and then engage in all the practices we supposedly left behind. Today it is perfectly legal to discriminate against criminals in nearly all the ways that it was once legal to discriminate against African Americans. Once you’re labeled … Continue reading The New Jim Crow

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The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

"The Puritan wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so. For when asceticism was carried out of monastic cells into everyday life, and began to dominate worldly morality, it did its part in building the tremendous cosmos of the modern economic order. This order is now bound to the technical and … Continue reading The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

Affirmative Action as Equalizing Opportunity: Challenging the Myth of “Preferential Treatment”

Abstract: "Harris and Narayan describe some of the misconceptions about affirmative action. They contend that the "stigma argument" against affirmative action dissolves when such programs are understood as equalizers of opportunity rather than as initiatives that merely bestow preference on their beneficiaries." Narayan, Uma, and Luke C. Harris. 1999. "Affirmative Action as Equalizing Opportunity: Challenging … Continue reading Affirmative Action as Equalizing Opportunity: Challenging the Myth of “Preferential Treatment”

The Project of Feminist Epistemology

“Sympathetic individuals who are not members of an oppressed group ... should realize that nothing they may do ... can make them one of the oppressed. For instance, men who share household and child-rearing responsibilities with women are mistaken if they think that this act of choice, often buttressed by the gratitude and admiration of others, is anything … Continue reading The Project of Feminist Epistemology

Understanding Patriarchal Marriage through Female Agency

"Seen in this light, patriarchal marriage, as an institutionalized structure of kinship placing social boundaries on the physical vulnerability of women, offered obvious advantages for a woman. By accepting the sexual and social demands of one man, by agreeing to provide him with heirs and to serve him, a woman could secure his protection from … Continue reading Understanding Patriarchal Marriage through Female Agency

What is Sociology?

"If you asked me what sociology really is, I would say that it must be insight into society, into the essential nature of society. It is insight into what is, but it is a critical insight … by what society purports to be, in order to detect in this contradiction the potential, the possibilities for … Continue reading What is Sociology?

What Marriage Means

“Marriages, then, are generally not based on love, “The husband is, so to speak, never more than a substitute for the loved man, and not that man himself,” said Freud. This dissociation is not accidental. It is implicit in the very nature of the institution. The economic and sexual union of man and woman is … Continue reading What Marriage Means

Marriage and Defloration

"Today, many young girls are better informed; and their defloration has the characteristics of a rape. “There are certainly more rapes committed in marriage than outside of marriage,” says Havelock Ellis. ... In England, Ellis reports, a woman asked six intelligent, married, middle-class women about their reactions on their wedding night: for all of them intercourse … Continue reading Marriage and Defloration

White Culture: Imperialism and Colonialism

"With the determination to reap inordinate profits and to exploit the weakest to the utmost there came a new imperialism,—the rage for one's own nation to own the earth or, at least, a large enough portion of it to insure as big profits as the next nation. Where sections could not be owned by one dominant … Continue reading White Culture: Imperialism and Colonialism

The Insurgent Sociologist and Critical Sociology

In collective memory, recalling the 1960s and 70s are accompanied with the imagery of "the counterculture era", full of psychedelics, protests, and hippies. One of the things to arise at this time was a magazine called The Insurgent Sociologist, established formally in 1969, but which was run by the Sociology Liberation Movement (SLM), which had existed in … Continue reading The Insurgent Sociologist and Critical Sociology